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Surety in a takeover contract – do the evidence regulations of article 1326 of the Civil Code have to be applied?
A takeover contract often goes hand-in-hand with surety from a third party to guarantee a specific commitment by the vendor or buyer (e.g. deferred payment of the price by the buyer, indemnification obligations of vendor, etc.). Because the commitment is created in relation to the guarantor and not in relation to the creditor, the surety guarantee is a unilateral contract. Precisely because of its unilateral nature, this surety is subject to the evidence regulations of article 1326 of the Civil Code (unless the surety relates to traders, artisans or farmers). The surety instrument must be written by the guarantor himself…